Baharka Camp for displaced people, Erbil, Kurdistan Region of Iraq, December 2014 (Copyright: Amnesty International)
From the plane, the alternation of seasons is evident: what three months ago was a large expanse of arid, dusty yellow land, now is dark brown and punctuated by moist green patches. After a fist visit in September, my colleague Khairun and I are back in Iraqi Kurdistan (officially known as Kurdistan Region of Iraq, or KRI) to assess the human rights situation of both Syrian refugees and displaced Iraqis.
As a result of the advance of ISIS and of the violence across the country, over 2 million Iraqis have been displaced during 2014. Nearly half of them, about 950,000, are now in the KRI, a semi-autonomous area smaller than the Czech Republic with a population of 5.2 million. Most of them are Yezidis from the Sinjar region, in addition to Turkmen and Arabs…
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